Sources for data

Australian Energy Consumption

Australian Energy Update 2019, Department of the Environment and Energy


World Energy Consumption

Statistical Review of World Energy 2019, BP


Global Waste Production

What a Waste 2.0: Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050, World Bank

HLW annual production from World Nuclear Association


Energy density

Five Fast Facts about Nuclear Energy, Department of Energy


Power produced comparison

1 GW plant at 93% capacity (1000*0.93= 930)  equiv. to 939 3 MW wind turbines at 33% capacity (3 * 0.33 = 0.99) or 11 million 320 W solar panels at 27% capacity (0.000320 * 0.27 = 8.64E-5)


Death by energy source

How Deadly Is Your Kilowatt?  We Rank The Killer Energy Sources by James Conca, Forbes Magazine June 2012


Lifecycle CO2 emissions

Annex III: Technology – specific cost and performance parameters, IPCC Working Group III – Mitigation of Climate Change, , IPCC 2014


Materials use by source

All data except solar thermal: Quadrennial Technology Review, September 2016, Department of Energy

Solar thermal data: The Power of Renewables: Opportunities and Challenges for China and the United States, National Academies Press (2010)


Land-use Intensity

Energy Sprawl or Energy Efficiency: Climate Policy Impacts on Natural Habitat for the United States of America, Robert I. McDonald, Joseph Fargione, Joe Kiesecker, William M. Miller, Jimmie Powell; PLoS ONE, Volume 4, Issue 8, August 2009.


Build times

China-U.S. cooperation to advance nuclear power, Junji Cao, Armond Cohen, James Hansen, Richard Lester, Per Peterson and Hongjie Xu;  Science 353 (6299), 547-548

UAE projected build time data from Harmony Programme Presentation March 2018, World Nuclear Association


Cost by source

Projected costs of generating electricity, 2015 edition, International Energy Agency & Nuclear Energy Agency

Nuclear Energy and Renewables: System Effects in Low-carbon Electricity Systems, Nuclear Energy Agency


Projected levelised cost

Projected costs of generating electricity, 2015 edition, International Energy Agency & Nuclear Energy Agency

Mean taken for LCOE values from China.


Source of radiation

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Organisation


NEM Modelling

Electric Power Consulting Pty Ltd


System costs

The Cost of Decarbonisation: System Costs with High Shares of Nuclear and Renewables, Nuclear Energy Agency


Advanced nuclear costs

What will advanced nuclear plants cost? A Standardized Cost Analysis of Advanced Nuclear Technologies in Commercial Development, Energy Innovation Reform Project


Overnight Construction Costs

Historical construction costs of global nuclear power reactors, Jessica R. Lovering, Arthur Yip & Ted Nordhaus, Energy Policy volume 91, pages 371-382 (2016)


European Residential Electricity Costs

Eurostat, Electricity prices by type of user

A Snapshot of Global PV 1992 – 2017, International Energy Agency

Global Wind Statistics 2017, Global Wind Energy Council

Nuclear Share of Energy Generation, International Atomic Energy Agency